Xplan Quick Xplain
Enumerate: a better
Despite sounding similar to a certain Dalek catch cry, enumerate is actually a small but useful item that can you improve and reduce your coding.
To establish the number of. “6,079 residents were enumerated in 241 establishments”
Enumerate with our xplan coding is all about counting each item in a loop as it progresses. It essentially allows us to generate a built in counter that automatically progresses with each item in the iteration (eg when you are looping over a group, for each item found a respective number is bound to that item).
How does it work?
enumerate(insert group or item to be looped)
An example of it in practice:
<:for counter, item in enumerate($client.asset):>
<:=counter:> - <:=item.desc:>
# 0 – Family home
# 1 – Work car
# 2 – Fun car
# 3 – Cash savings
You can see as the loop progresses so too does our counter (enumerator), automatically. This can be used to replace coding structures that need a counter, as enumerate is now doing that for you without the need for additional dependencies eg variables.
- The first item in the loop will always be the enumerated number. In this example I have called it ‘counter’ (you can call it whatever you want).
- When looping like this place a comma after the enumerator.
- The second item is your standard iterator you always use when looping, in this case we have called it the very common ‘item’
- The group or object you want to loop over goes inside the enumerate ()
Practical Example (coding group elements in one sentence)
In a previous article we looked at how to code group elements in a single sentence. The coding we used was:
<:let i = 0:><:let x = len($client.dependent):><:if x > 0:><:for item in $client.dependent:><:if len($client.dependent) > 1:><:if i == x - 1:> and <:else:><:if i > 0:>, <:end:><:end:><:end:><:=item.dep_name:><:let i=i+1:><:end:><:end:>
# Jimmy, Jane and Joffery
You can see that we created a counter variable called ‘i’ to help us determine the elements iterated over in the group, relative to the total number of items so that we could assign the ‘and’ or ‘,’ correctly.
Using enumeration we can do away with the ‘i’ counting variable all together:
<:let x = len($client.dependent):><:if x > 0:><:for counter, item in enumerate($client.dependent):><:if len($client.dependent) > 1:><:if counter == x - 1:> and <:else:><:if counter > 0:>, <:end:><:end:><:end:><:=item.dep_name:><:end:><:end:>
# Jimmy, Jane and Joffery
- Get an automatic built in counter that adds itself with each iteration
- Therefore we don’t need to create another unnecessary variable or dependency
- We are using a built-in function of the system. This is always preferable as is using less elements where practical.
- Keep in mind in the example it doesn’t appear we’ve saved much code but that’s because we’ve replaced a poorly named variable ‘i’ with the much longer ‘counter’. if you used ‘num’ or something similar the coding would still be more readable and shorter.